Soave wine: history, review and classification of drinks
The drink with an unusual melodic name is of Italian origin. White wine from the Garganega variety first appeared in the northeastern part of the country, in the eponymous province of Soave, located in the Veneto region. Among Russian consumers, the drink is little known, although it has been produced by Italian winemakers for more than fifty years. Modern Soave is a worthy wine, which is considered the budget equivalent of the popular Chardonnay and exquisite Chablis.
Features of local winemaking and the history of the appearance of Soave It is curious that the region produces exclusively white wines. The main share of local vineyards accounts for the aromatic variety Garganega, while no more than 10% is allotted for the rest. The latter include Pinot Blanc, Trebbiano and Chardonnay. Grape plantations in Soave occupy more than half of all land. Private winemaking is well developed here: the number of large and small farms numbers about a hundred. Winery owners work closely with the owners of industrial enterprises. The Garganega grape was allegedly bred by crossing Mediterranean white varieties with local wild vine.
As for Soave, the exact time of appearance of the drink is unknown. There are suggestions that the wine appeared in the I century: statements are based on archival references to “white Veronese wines.” However, it is unlikely that they were talking about this drink. More plausible is the version about the appearance of Soave in the XIV century, which links the origin of wine with the appearance of the author of the Divine Comedy, Dante Alighieri, in the vicinity of Verona. However, this story also has no evidence. The peak of the popularity of white Italian wine from Garganega experienced in the middle of the XX century.
The drink came to taste of noble persons and representatives of the sphere of art: it is known that Soave fell in love with Frank Sinatra and Federico Fellini. Nevertheless, fame did not go to blame for the benefit: his reputation was badly damaged at the turn of the century. Manufacturers began to increase the volume, not paying due attention to quality, which led to a natural decline in interest in the famous drink.
From the end of the twentieth century to the present day, Soave experienced a period of recovery. Much work has been done to remedy the situation: the areas most favorable for the cultivation of the Garganega variety have been allocated, the exact production technology has been approved, the beverage classes have been delimited. These measures allowed to revive interest in Soave and increase production to 70 million bottles per year. Filming was added to the drink’s popularity: in the suburbs of Verona, the movie “Letters to Juliet” was shot, which was released in 2010. In the frames flashed not only local wineries and cellars, but also the drink itself, which filled the glasses of the main characters. Description of wine and the specificity of production Translated from the Italian word “Soave” means “pleasant, sweet, delicate”, which fits the drink best and characterizes its taste perfectly. Produce Soave from varieties Garganega (which accounts for at least 70%), Trebbiano, Chardonnay and Pinot Blanc.Of great importance is the degree of maturity of the fruit, which affects the flavoring properties of the finished wine. Having reached the desired state, the Garganega berries are able to add fine minerality and refined spiciness to the drink, which allows you to compare Soave with the best Italian wines. Oak barrels or steel tanks can be used to store drinks: each manufacturer solves this issue on their own.
The same can be said about the mixing of raw materials: some manufacturers consider Garganega a self-sufficient variety, others prefer to supplement it with a slight inclusion of other fruits. Product characteristics are directly dependent on the style of production and the area in which the grapes were grown. The color is light straw, the intensity of the shade may vary from different manufacturers. Aroma Fresh fruit and grassy notes prevail in the aroma. Taste Slightly mineral, balancing between mild acidity and delicate sweetness. The finish is long, fruity.